Activated carbon, Granular Activated Carbon (GAC), Activated Carbon, Activated Carbon Powder, Powdered Activated carbon (PAC), activated charcoal, activated coal, Activated Fuller Earth, Pelleted activated carbon (EAC), Impregnated carbon, Polymers coated

Activated carbon is a black solid substance resembling granular or powdered charcoal. It is extremely porous with a large surface area, Activated carbon is produced from organic based materials such as coconut shells, palm-kernel shells wood chips, sawdust, corn cobs, seeds etc. Activated carbon prepared from Bamboo has been found to be the best in terms of surface area and adsorption capacity.Manufacture of activated charcoal is one glaring example of extracting useful product from what was considered wasteful hitherto. Activated charcoal has found use in various industries starting from water filtration to detoxification of body.

Activated carbon can be used for removal of organic chemicals, chlorine, lead, unpleasant tastes and odors in effluent or coloured substances from gas or liquid streams by the mechanism of adsorption. Adsorption can be classically defined as absorption on the surface of the material due to capillary condensation inside the multitude of pores and active sites available. Modern water purifiers come with activated carbon filter. Activated carbon water is very effective in removing chlorine from water which is cancerous if consumed.

High-grade activated carbon can be obtained from woody material like bamboo having inherent mechanical strength, high carbon and low ash content. Since India is the second largest producers of bamboo, there exists an excellent scope for producing bamboo based high-grade activated carbon if appropriate technology is developed and exploited at commercial level.India, have also made good progress in the field of manufacture of activated charcoal prepared from abundant supply of coconut shells, collected after using the kernel and coconut water.

India has been one of major exporters of activated carbon of late and is expected to do better in the coming years.


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Activated Carbon From Saw Dust

Carbon is probably the most widely distributed element in nature. The term activated carbon, active carbon or active charcoal is usually applied to amorphous carbons processing higher absorption capacities that wood or animal charcoal. Industrial activated carbons in the form of pellets, granules or fine powder. And with many industrial application are new in the market under different trade-names. At present, in India there are about 21 to 22 units in which four units are in the state of Gujarat. There exists very good scope for this product and it can be exploited easily. There is also huge demand of activated carbon in export potential for the high quality activated carbon. The new entrepreneur can enter in this project.
Plant capacity: 2.0 Ton/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 27 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 30 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 119 Lakhs
Return: 34.00%Break even: 48.22%
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Activated Carbon from Coconut Shell

Activated carbon is a amorphous from of carbon which has been treated to produce a highly developed pore structure resulting in a very large internal surface area. It is pore structure which gives the activated carbon its ability to absorb gases and vapours from gaseous phase and dissolved or dispersed substances from liquid phase. Activated carbon can be manufactured from wide variety of raw material such as pinewood, charcoal, coconut shell, rice husk etc. The activated carbon is also used for the purification of air and water, refining of sugar and production of electrodes. The demand is gradually increase with the increase of end users industry. Any new entrepreneur may launch of this unit.
Plant capacity: 1.0 Tonnes/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 39 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 29 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 108 Lakhs
Return: 47.21%Break even: 46.53%
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Activated Carbon From Rice Husk, Saw Dust & Coconut Shell

Carbon is probably the most widely distributed element in nature. Activated carbon from rice husk has been developed & finding wider uses. There is considerable scope in India for the manufacture of activated carbon from rice husk. The major use put by activated carbon is solution purification, such as the clean up of cane, beet and corn sugar solution and for the removal of taste and odours from water suppliers, vegetable and animal fats and oils, alcoholic beverages, chemicals and pharmaceutical. The recovery of streptomycin represents a typical application of the continuous treatment of liquids. The vapour adsorbent type of activated carbon was first used in military and industrial gas masks. Its use in air conditioning systems to control odours and industrial recovery and control of vapours has been very significant of activated carbon has boost up its market potential existing at present & has much under scope in future. This is very good project.
Plant capacity: 2 Ton/DayPlant & machinery: 41 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 183 Lakhs
Return: 39.00%Break even: 43.00%
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Activated Carbon From Cashew Nut Shell

Carbon is probably the most widely distributed element in nature. It occurs in two allotropic crystalline forms, viz. Graphite (hexagonal system) and diamond (isomeric system), the former is soft and black where diamond is hard and transparent. Charcoal coke and carbon black classified as amorphous carbon, are considered by same to represent a third form, they are said to be composed of very minute crystals of graphite by others. Carbon is an essential constituent of all vegetable and animal matter in which constituent and other elements in immense variety of oxygen and other elements in immense variety of compounds. Decolorizing carbon is used for removing or improving the colour and flavour of edible materials, such as agar, beer, cider, wines, fruit juice, cocoa butter, dephenolizing effluent gas works liquor, preparation of biological products, recovering iodine from seawater and bromine from brines, gas absorbent carbon is employed for the recovery of gasoline from natural gas. It is very clear that there exists very good scope for this product and it can be exploited easily. It is good field for a new entrepreneur.
Plant capacity: 2 Mt/DayPlant & machinery: 34 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 122 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 48.00%
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Activated Carbon from Bamboo

Activated carbon is a non graphite form of carbon and is microcrystalline in nature. It is extensively used in various industries as a very good absorbent for odour or colour. A large variety of raw materials are available for the manufacture of activated carbon like rice husk, groundnut husk, coconut shell, saw dust, bagasse, wood and bamboo etc. The activated carbon produced in the country is catering to the need of vanaspati and solvent extraction plant, glucose and sugar industries, water treatment, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, synthetic rayons, electrochemical industries etc. Due to its use in various industries, it has a good demand and annual demand growth is around 15%. So there is good scope for the investment in this sector.
Plant capacity: 5 Tons/DayPlant & machinery: 67 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 244 Lakhs
Return: 42.00%Break even: 51.00%
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Activated Carbon (By Steam Activation Process)

The element carbon exists in three allotropic modifications, amorphous carbon, graphite and diamond, which are employed industrially. The major use of activated carbon is in solution purification, such as the clean up of cane, beet, corn sugar solution and for removal of tastes and odors from water supplies, vegetable and animal fats and oils, alcoholic beverages, chemicals and pharmaceuticals etc. Looking these uses it can be concluded that there is very good scope for setting up activated carbon unit.
Plant capacity: 300 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 25 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 87 Lakhs
Return: 35.00%Break even: 49.00%
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ACTIVATED CARBON FROM COCONUT SHELL

Activated carbon in any form of carbon shows high absorptivity for gases, vapours and colloidal solids in either the gas ion or liquid phase. It is available in many forms such as pellets, granules and in powder form. It is very important chemical has wide application and employed by numerous industries, which require absorption of certain gases and vapours in purification, in catalytic chemical reactions, depolarization of vegetable oil and sugar solutions. For purification of liquids, the powdered form of activated carbon is added to the liquid to be purified and the mixture is agitated and finally filtered. Granulated activated carbons are used for purification of gases or liquids and are used in a vertical carbon packed column. Decolourizing carbon is used in appreciable amount in oil refining, chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Due to the expansion of pharmaceutical and vegetable oil industry the demand of activated carbon is expected to rise sharply in the coming years. Apart from demand in Indian market, there is also huge demand of activated carbon in foreign potential for the high quality activated carbon. It is very clear that there exists very good scope for this product and it can be exploited easily.
Plant capacity: 3.00 Tone/dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 41 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 150 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 42.00%
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Carbon Composite Fiber

Carbon Composite fibre is produced from the raw material used PAN, pitch etc. Quality of composite carbon fibre produced from PAN is much better than the product produced from the pitch. It is one of high technology base product with fair market demands in India. Carbon fibers are black fibers used as yarns felt or powder like short mono filaments with diameters smaller than 10 mm. They are mainly applied to reinforce polymers, much like glass fibers have been used for decades in fiber glass. It has special used in the special type industries like aeronautical industry, automobile industry. There is some organized and unorganized sectors are engaged in the manufacturing of carbon fibers. The market demand growth of it is 3.5 %. There is a fair scope for new entrants in this field.
Plant capacity: 500 Kgs/dayPlant & machinery: 238 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 520 Lakhs
Return: 36.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Charcoal From Coconut Shell

Charcoal and purity of any substances has now become a basic requirement of any chemical substance. So many products obtained by processing are dirty in colour and having so many impurities. This problem can be easily solved by adsorption of which carbon has become one of the most generally used materials for the purpose, animal matter. The resulting amorphous products include charcoal coke and petroleum coke. Granulated activated carbons are used for purification of gases or liquids and can be used in a vertical carbon packed column. It finds application in the preparations of pills and digestive tables. Its absorptive properties are utilized in the treatment of oilments of the stomach due to hyper acidity. Due to the expansion of pharmaceutical and vegetable oil industry the demand of activated carbon is expected to rise sharply in the coming years. Apart from demand in Indian market, there is also huge demand of activated carbon in foreign potential for the high quality activated carbon. So the unit has very good scope.
Plant capacity: 5 Tons/dayPlant & machinery: 21 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 107 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Activated Carbon from Rice Husk/Coconut Shell

The term activated carbon, active carbon or active charcoal is usually applied to amorphous carbons possessing higher absorption capacities than wood or animal charcoal. Industrial activated carbon in the forms of pellets, granules or fine powders, and with many other industrial applications is now in the market under different trade names. There has been a considerable amount of laboratory and pilot plant research in India on the production of active carbons. At present in India there are about 25 to 30 units, in which, four units are in Gujarat. M/s Calcutta wood Distillation Co., were producing activated carbon during the war period by the carbonization of hardwood, and activation by dry steam and compressed air. Due to the expansion of pharmaceutical and vegetable oil industry the demand of activated carbon is expected to rise sharply in coming years. And it has bright future not only in foreign but in India also.
Plant capacity: 20 Ton / DayPlant & machinery: 58 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 581 Lakhs
Return: 52.00%Break even: 37.00%
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