Energy bars are often promoted as a quick snack, a supplement athlete/ sports person or those who done workouts energy bars are also an excellent method for replenishing muscle energy store after sport. For best results eat an energy bar 30-45 minutes before a race or workout or eat small amount during in race or ride. Energy bars are convenient in traveling and contain reasonable amount of fat, sodium, saturated fat etc. Many energy bars are good source of high quality of protein without the cholesterol and saturated fat of high animal protein sources.
Energy bars are being marketed heavily and multitude of brands are available in supermarkets, drugstore, and health food stores. Major energy bars are G Power Bar, Clif energy bar, Solow Glycemic nutrition bar, Optimum energy bar, Probar, George Delights just fruit bar, parley bar, soy joy nutrition bar etc. Power bar comes in several types, the original, protein plus, power bar harvest (Power harvest). The demand of energy, power bar is increasing day by day, so there is wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 120 Lakh Pcs/annum Plant & machinery: 188 Lakhs
Working capital: - T.C.I: Cost of Project : 488 Lakhs
Return: 44.00% Break even: 56.00%
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Fluorescent lamps are low-pressure mercury electricâ€“discharge lamps in which a phosphor coating transforms the ultraviolet energy generated by the discharge arc into light. Energy conservation activities have focused attention on the relatively low efficacy and short life of general service 25W to 100W incandescent lamps are widely used in many residential, commercial, institutional and industrial applications.
Compact fluorescent lamp provide significantly higher efficacy and come in variety of sizes and wattage replace incandescent lamp in existing and new table and floor lamps, in recessed down light etc. The Indian lighting is just 60 years old. It was pioneered by Bengal lamps, Phillips India, and then Bajaj electricals, Apar, Sylvania Laxman, Crompton Greaves, Mysore lamps, Surya Roshni, Wipro, and Crompton have introduced the compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) as part of their product range. The CFL is said to have a useful life of 10,000 hours as against 800-900 hours for an ordinary incandescent bulb apart from the long life, a 12 Watt CFL gives the some luminosity as 60 watt in adjacent bulb, contributing to sharp reduction in electricity bills during life time. The demand of CFL Lamps is increasing very rapidly so there is wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 60 Lakhs Pcs/Annum Plant & machinery: 446 Lakhs
Working capital: - T.C.I: Cost of Project : 727 Lakhs
Return: 44.00% Break even: 60.00%
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Coffee and tea are important in any office. Working professionals feel the need for these beverages intermittently during their hectic schedule. Increasing labor costs and the need for instant availability have brought in vending machines. With this in mind, many companies have installed beverage vending machines to provide their employees refreshments.
Rapid urbanization is resulting in a lifestyle that is enhancing the time spent Out of Home working (in offices and institutions), waiting (in railway stations, airports, bus terminals) or playing (in malls, theaters, parks, beaches etc.). Many Indians therefore are beginning to consume their daily requirements of refreshments outside of their homes.
In this case there is a great need for a convenient, safe and consistent product delivery mechanism for tea and coffee that account for more than 70% of the demand for beverages refreshment out of home.
This is the role that is being currently performed by the vending pre-mix suppliers. Vending pre-mixes are a mixture of Tea/coffee, Sugar and dairy whiteners that are mixed with heated water through a machine at the point of dispensing to provide consumers with a safe and hygienic product untouched by human hands.
The demand of premix tea and coffee will increase very rapidly so there will be wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project
Plant capacity: 1 M.T/Day Premixed Tea, 1 M.T/Day Premixed Coffee Plant & machinery: 31 Lakhs
Working capital: - T.C.I: Cost Of Project: 82 Lakhs
Return: 42.00% Break even: 63.00%
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Eyeglass lenses are glass or plastic optical items that fit inside eyewear frames to enhance and/or correct the wearer's vision. Due to the increasing demand for eyewear, quartz and beryl lenses were virtually replaced by glass lenses. The convex lens was the first optical lens used in glasses to aid the correction of farsightedness, but other corrective lenses followed, including the concave lens for the correction of near-sightedness, and more complex lenses for the correction of astigmatism.
More than 80 percent of all eyeglasses worn today have plastic lenses, but plastic lenses have not always been the lens of choice. The glass lens remained dominant until 1952, when plastic lenses were introduced. The plastic lens rapidly grew in popularity because the lens was lighter and less prone to breakage. Today, the manufacture of plastic eyeglass lenses far exceeds the manufacture of glass lenses, but the process has remained much the same for both types. Plastic as well as glass lenses are produced by successive stages of fine grinding, polishing, and shaping. While the same process is used to produce lenses for telescopes, microscopes, binoculars, cameras, and various projectors, such lenses are usually larger and thicker and require greater precision and power.
Ophthalmic glass blanks are manufactured in a limited way in India in organized sector. A huge quantity of blanks is imported. At present the importers of lens blanks select the lens making units to whom they supply blanks in required quantity and the lens manufacturers return the finished lenses to the raw material supplier. Thus the small lens manufacturing units get an assured market for their readymade lenses. Most of the people are using lenses of various types very often. Thus the demand is spiraling high. Applications of optical lenses in a wide range of equipments e.g. microscopes for various needs of students, medical and technical laboratories, Photo enlargers, projectors and over head projectors are well known .
In the eyewear industry, it is estimated that 35 per cent of India’s population are in need of vision correction, which may be done by surgery, laser therapy, spectacles or contact lenses. However, only about 25% of people have their vision corrected. Approximately 94 per cent of these wear spectacles, 6% wear contact lenses and 2.5% wear both. The eyewear industry is broadly divided into three categories: eyewear (Sunglasses/ Frames), vision care (Contact lenses) and others (Surgical/Healthcare).
In India, eyewear is at the forefront compared to the global markets where vision care has a strong presence. A near stagnant market has been converted into one of the fastest growing industries recording a 20% growth annually. Nevertheless, in global terms the industry in India remains underdeveloped even today.
While the Optical retail business is estimated to be approximately 2,300 crore, it is anticipated that the impact of the WTO regime will result in the flow of a larger variety of brands through normal channels in the near future. It is also expected that duties will get lower over the next few years facilitating entry and variety.
There is a good scope and market potential in this sector. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Few Indian Major Players are as under:
Autolite (India) Ltd.
Chetan Genthe & Co. Ltd.
Forbes Forbes Campbell & Co. Ltd. [Erstwhile]
G K B Ophthalmics Ltd.
G K B Vision Ltd.
Indo-American Optics Ltd.
Lookman Electroplast Inds. Ltd.
Prime Ophthalmic Products Pvt. Ltd.
Techtran Ophthalmics Pvt. Ltd.
Techtran Polylenses Ltd.
Thakral Services (India) Ltd.
Plant capacity: Optical Lenses 150000 Pairs/Annum, Photocromatic Lenses 96000 Pairs/Annum Plant & machinery: 168 Lakhs
Working capital: - T.C.I: Cost of Project : 256 Lakhs
Return: 42.00% Break even: 59.00%
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EMU (Dromaius novaehollandiae) bird belong to ratite group has high economic value for their meat, eggs, oil, skin and feathers. Meat from emu is of high quality in terms of low fat, low cholesterol, gamey flavour. These birds are adoptable to varied climatic conditions. Although emu and ostrich were introduced in India, emu farming has gained much importance. Emu and ostrich features, management of these birds during chick, growing, fattening, breeding and non-breeding stages were covered. Care and hatching of eggs, nutrient requirements, healthcare and products of emu and ostrich were also covered. Economics of emu rearing with reference to the cost of maintaining breeders cost of production of eggs and chick are covered. Commercial aspects of rearing emu has picked up in India in a big way as it promises a long-term return as compared to the initial investment. Emu bird farming is basically just like poultry. The way we look after poultry, cattle farming or goat farming, it is a similar kind of farming which is flourishing in India.
As the rearing of Emu birds has increased several fold over the years, several enterprising farmers have come together to open units for separating the various products of the bird and make them available in the market in good quantities. There are several organizations making more efforts to spread awareness of the many health benefits of consuming Emu meat and using its oil. Valued cuts are from thigh and larger muscle of drum or lower leg. Emu skin is fine and strong. Leg skin is of distinctive pattern hence highly valued. Emu fat is rendered to produce oil, which has dietary, therapeutic (anti inflammatory) and cosmetic value.
The country's first commercial emu farm was started in 1996 by an NRI named Mutiyala but it soon closed down. Mutiyala left for the US within months of starting his project because of the poor response. The reason for the growth of emu farms today is the increasing demand for the bird's meat and oil, which is believed to have medicinal properties, especially for treating joint pains and also high economic value for their eggs, skin and feathers.
Far from its native habitat in Australia, the flightless emu is leaving its footprint across the plains of India, with an increasing number of farmers commercially rearing the ostrich-size bird. From a single farm in 1996, there are today more than 900 emu farms in 14 states, with a majority of them in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus) are reared commercially in many parts of the world for their meat, oil, skin and feathers, which are of high economic value. The anatomical and physiological features of these birds appear to be suitable for temperate and tropical climatic conditions. These birds can be well maintained on extensive (ranches) and semi intensive rearing systems with reasonably high fibrous diets. United State, Australia and China are leading in emu and of America ostrich farming. Emu and ostrich were introduced recently into India. Compared to ostrich, emu rearing is picking up. The Emu rearing is a promising source of considerable revenue and employment generation where the farmers would be able to sustain if a ready market was created by way of opening slaughter and processing units right here. The growth in Emu rearing would further indirectly boost the development of maize and soya crops. Emu birds are well adapted to Indian climatic conditions. Although emu farming is economical so far none of the farmers have entered in to the marketing of emu products.
Emu business can bring handsome profit in both domestic and international market in the long run. EMU farming is a complementary to agriculture and is going to be the most profitable business in the near future. Emu farming offers great scope and potential because of its supplementary income, additional employment and simplicity in operation EMU farming in India is a huge business scheme with an enormous growth potential. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Few Indian Major Players are as under:
Simran Emu Farm & Hatchery,
Sami’s Rearing and Farming
Aditya Emu Farm
Queen Emu Farms Private Limited
Platinum Emu Farms
Sri Ramachandra Emu Farm House
Ganesh Emu Farm
VSP Emu Farm
J.P. Emu Farm
Sree Bakawathe Emu Farm
Umrigar Emu Farm
Rangrej Emu Farm
Gurukrupa Emu Farm
Aditya Emu Farm
RK Emu Farm
Rangrej Emu Farm
Tirumala EMU Farm
Siva Naga Emu Farm
Golden Emu Farms Private Limited
Haryana Emu Farms
Sri Krishna Emu Farms Private Limited
Lalitha Emu Farms
The Golden Birds Poultry Farm
NS Agro Farm & Hatchery
V. R. 3 Emu Farms & Hatchery Unit
Susi Emu Farms India Private Limited
Rangrej Emu Farms
Madhus EMU Farms
Sri Palayathamman Emu Farms
Plant capacity: Meat 20,000 Kgs., EMU Chick 5000 Nos., EMU Oil 4000 Kgs., Eggs 20,000 Nos. /Annum Plant & machinery: 44 Lakhs
Working capital: - T.C.I: 759 Lakhs
Return: 40.00% Break even: 34.00%
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Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic acid. It is a major constituent of bile and can be found in the lower intestine and, in small amounts, in the tissues of many animals, including humans. Taurine is a derivative of the sulfur-containing (sulfhydryl) amino acid cysteine. Taurine is one of the few known naturally occurring sulfonic acids. Taurine is possibly best known as a health supplement, and is used in a variety of products. Bodybuilders take supplements of taurine coupled with creatine which may help in reducing muscle fatigue and soreness. Energy drinks, which are becoming hugely popular, especially among the teen and young adult set, often list taurine as one of its main supplemental ingredients.
Applications: The main use of taurine is in infant formula to make it more like human milk (cow's milk is deficient in taurine). Taurine is also used in a wide variety of different functional drinks, ranging from "smart drinks" to "energy tonics" and is often used in conjunction with caffeine.
Taurine is used in milk, dairy products, beverages, supplements, complex monosodium glutamate and certain specific foods. In the recent research on the effect of taurine on human intelligence and health, it has been discovered that taurine plays an active role in promoting the development of brain, maintaining the physiological functions of retina, regulating the conduction of nerve, enhancing the absorption and the acid- base metabolism of gall and promoting the functions of heart, liver and
Emerging application: The new applications include that taurine can be used to treat “hangover” symptoms caused by excessive drinking and help the treatment of anxiety disorders and obesity. In the future, the demand from weight control food and alcoholism preventing health care products will drive the continuing growth of the international taurine consumption. A deficiency may impair vision and problems with fat metabolism may appear.
Synthetic taurine is obtained from isethionic acid (2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid), which in turn is obtained from the reaction of ethylene oxide with aqueous sodium bisulfite. Another approach is the reaction of aziridine with sulfurous acid. This leads directly to taurine. The global demand for taurine is in the region of 100 000 tonnes per annum and It is expected that the annual growth rate of the international taurine market will reach 15% in the few years. The import of taurine to India is around 11-12 MT per annum. There is an ample space and market for this product.
Major taurine producers:Hubei Qianjiang Yongan Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, China, Hubei Fu Chi chemical Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,China , Changshu Renoke Food-additive Science Co., Ltd, China and others.
Plant capacity: - Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: - T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00% Break even: N/A
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Plastics have become an important part of modern life and are used in different sectors of applications like packaging, building materials, consumer products and much more. Plastic packaging is proving to be a major environmental problem. Most of today's plastics and synthetic polymers are produced from petrochemicals. As conventional plastics are persistent in the environment, improperly disposed plastic materials are a significant source of environmental pollution, potentially harming life. The plastic sheets or bags do not allow water and air to go into earth which causes reduction in fertility status of soil, preventing degradation of other normal substances, depletion of underground water source and danger to animal life. In the seas too, plastic rubbish from ropes and nets to the plastic bands from beer packs choke and entangle the marine mammals.
In an effort to overcome these shortcomings, biochemical researchers and engineers have long been seeking to develop biodegradable plastics that are made from renewable resources, such as plants. The biodegradable polymers could be an alternative to the conventional plastic materials. The term biodegradable means that a substance is able to be broken down into simpler substances by the activities of living organisms, and therefore is unlikely to persist in the environment. There are many different standards used to measure biodegradability, with each country having its own. The requirements range from 90 per cent to 60 per cent decomposition of the product within 60 to 180 days of being placed in a standard composting environment.
Biodegradable plastics or bioplastics are mainly derived from corn, wheat and potato starch. Biodegradable plastics products are thermoplastic materials which are processed with the same machines traditionally used to process conventional plastics. Biodegradable plastic products physical and chemical properties are similar to those of traditional plastics, but it is completely biodegradable in different environments, just like pure cellulose.
The demand for bioplastics makes it one of the fastest growing thermoplastic product types globally. Global demand is expected to reach over one billion pounds by 2012. Currently, the biodegradable segment of bioplastics is the largest segment of the bioplastics category, but it is projected to be displaced by the non biodegradable bioplastics group of products, which may or may not be 100% derived from biomass. Packaging, disposable food service and fiber applications are major use areas. Polylactic acid polymer (PLA) demand is growing rapidly in both packaging and fiber applications. Demand for starch based polymers, in a modified form or blended with another polymer such as PLA for biodegradability or with a polyolefin such as polypropylene, will continue to grow.
Disposable cutlery and containers are products that are a part of our day to day life. Disposable items like bags, cups, plates, saucers, glasses are being increasingly used. Biodegradable bags are becoming more and more commonly used, because they are better for the environment and most people are concerned about being more green.
Though the demand for biodegradable plastics is increasing, acceptance of biodegradable polymers is likely to depend on factors like:
Customer response to costs;
Possible legislation by governments; and
The achievement of total biodegradability
Substantial technological progress has been made in bio based plastics in the past five years. Innovations in material and product development, environmental benefits as well as the gradual depletion of crude oil increasingly call for polymers made from renewable raw materials.
Bioplastics will raise more than fourfold to 900,000 metric tons in 2013, valued at US$2.6 bln, according to a report by The Freedonia Group. The growth will be fueled by a number of factors, including consumer demand for more environmentally sustainable products, the development of bio based feedstocks for commodity plastic resins and increasing restrictions on the use of non-degradable plastic products, particularly plastic bags. Most important, however, will be the expected continuation of high crude oil and natural gas prices, which will allow bioplastics to become more cost-competitive with petroleum based resins. Non-biodegradable plant based plastics will be the primary driver of bioplastics demand.
Biodegradable plastics, such as starch-based resins, polylactic acid (PLA) and degradable polyesters, accounted for the vast majority (nearly 90%) of bioplastics demand in 2008. Double-digit gains are expected to continue going forward, fueled in part by the emergence on the commercial market of polyhydroxy-alkanoates (PHAs). PLA will also see strong advances in demand as new production capacity comes online. Western Europe was the largest regional market for bioplastics in 2008, accounting for about 40% of world demand. Bioplastics sales in the region benefit from strong consumer demand for biodegradable and plant based products, a regulatory environment that favors bioplastics over petroleum resins, and an extensive infrastructure for composting. Demand will grow more rapidly in the Asia/Pacific region, which will surpass the West European market by 2013. Gains will be stimulated by strong demand in Japan, which has focused intently on the replacement of petroleum-based plastics. Europe is leading the way for induction of bioplastics in day to day use. Companies such as Novamont SpA, NatureWorks LLC, and Metabolix, Inc. are entering the market with new bio-based products. Demand for bioplastics is accelerating as more supply of all bioplastic types come into production. Though this product is now at a nascent stage in India but in the long run this product has a very promising future. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Capacity : 15000000Nos. (Bio Plastic Glasses)
1000000 Nos. (Bio Plastic Plates)
75000 Nos. (Bio Plastic Plastics)
Plant capacity: - Plant & machinery: 166 Lakhs
Working capital: - T.C.I: Cost of Project : 298 Lakhs
Return: 47.00% Break even: 51.00%
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